Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 657–669 | Cite as

Tool wear monitoring in ultrasonic welding using high-order decomposition

  • Yaser ZerehsazEmail author
  • Chenhui Shao
  • Jionghua Jin


Ultrasonic welding has been used for joining lithium-ion battery cells in electric vehicle manufacturing. The geometric profile change of tool shape significantly affects the weld quality and should be monitored during production. In this paper, a high-order decomposition method is suggested for tool wear monitoring. In the proposed monitoring scheme, a low dimensional set of monitoring features is extracted from the high dimensional tool profile measurement data for detecting tool wear at an early stage. Furthermore, the proposed method can be effectively used to analyze the data cross-correlation structure in order to help identify the unusual wear pattern and find the associated assignable cause. The effectiveness of the proposed monitoring method was demonstrated using a simulation and a real-world case study.


Ultrasonic metal welding Tool wear monitoring High-order representation Principal component analysis (PCA) High-order singular value decomposition (HOSVD) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Operations EngineeringUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Science and EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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