Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 373–382 | Cite as

Cultural homegarden management practices mediate arthropod communities in Indonesia

  • Manuel Toledo-Hernández
  • Lisa H. Denmead
  • Yann Clough
  • Rika Raffiudin
  • Teja Tscharntke
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Tropical forest loss and transformation to agroecosystems have serious impacts on biodiversity, associated ecosystem services and the livelihood of local people. The high crop plant biodiversity and low intensity management in many homegardens could play an important role in the preservation of biodiversity in modified landscapes, as well as sustain food security of low income households. In this study, we focused on the role of the owner’s cultural background as migrants (from the island of Java) or non-migrants (local residents) for homegarden characteristics, such as size, management diversification, and crop species richness, and their effect on arthropod communities in Jambi province, Indonesia. Vane traps, pitfall traps and sweep netting were used to survey the arthropod communities, in particular bees and wasps, in 24 homegardens. Our results show that the native Jambi locals used a smaller number of management practices and had smaller homegardens than the Javanese transmigrants, whereas crop species richness did not differ. Management diversification and crop species richness were positively related to arthropod abundance as well as species richness of bees and wasps, presumably due to the enhanced homegarden heterogeneity. Our findings suggest that the cultural practices of migrant versus non-migrant land-use managers, which is usually neglected in agroecology, can be a major determinant of management practices shaping community structure and services of beneficial arthropods.

Keywords

Biodiversity Ecosystem services Hymenoptera Indonesia Bees Wasps Migrants versus non-migrants Garden 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Patrick, Winda, Rico, Derly and Juwita for all their help in the lab and the field. We thank the village leaders and local homegarden owners for granting us the use of their properties. This study was financed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) in the framework of the collaborative German—Indonesian research project CRC (Collaborative Research Centre) 990: Ecological and Socioeconomic Functions of Tropical Lowland Rainforest Transformation Systems (Sumatra, Indonesia). MTH was supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) during the manuscript writing.

Supplementary material

10841_2016_9871_MOESM1_ESM.doc (127 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 127 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Toledo-Hernández
    • 1
  • Lisa H. Denmead
    • 1
  • Yann Clough
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rika Raffiudin
    • 3
  • Teja Tscharntke
    • 1
  1. 1.AgroecologyGeorg-August-Universität GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental and Climate ResearchLund UniversityLundSweden
  3. 3.Department of BiologyBogor Agricultural University (IPB)BogorIndonesia

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