Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 15, Issue 1–2, pp 361–365 | Cite as

Status and conservation of Asclepiadaceae and Danaus in southern Spain

  • Juan Fernández Haeger
  • Diego Jordano
  • Mateo León Meléndez
Short Communication


A 900 km2 coastal area in southern Spain was searched for both Danaus plexippus and D. chrysippus and their foodplants. A set of 63 single or mixed patches of Asclepias curassavica and Gomphocarpus fruticosus was detected and visited regularly from June 2008 to December 2009. Danaus plexippus was on the wing throughout our study period, but it was never detected in 21 patches while in 4 patches it was observed on more than 80% of our visits. Danaus chrysippus was on the wing only during summer and autumn of 2009 and it was never detected in 49 patches. The proportion of plant patches occupied by butterflies varies seasonally, increasing during summer and autumn. These results are discussed in relation to the origin, persistence and conservation of both species in Europe.


Danaus plexippus Danaus chrysippus Gomphocarpus fruticosus Asclepias curassavica Spain Patchy distribution Conservation 



We wish to thank to the “Fundación Migres” for providing financial support for this research. Charo Rivas and Carlos Camacho helped in searching for patches and counting plants and butterflies and their immature stages in the field. We wish to thank M. Zalucki for commenting on an earlier draft of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Fernández Haeger
    • 1
  • Diego Jordano
    • 1
  • Mateo León Meléndez
    • 1
  1. 1.Área de EcologíaUniversidad de CórdobaCórdobaSpain

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