Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 207–210 | Cite as

Has the bumblebee Bombus bellicosus gone extinct in the northern portion of its distribution range in Brazil?

  • Aline C. MartinsEmail author
  • Gabriel A. R. Melo
Short Communication


Evidence for the extinction of the bumblebee Bombus bellicosus in Paraná state, in Brazil, is presented. The species is found in areas covered with open grass fields and shrub vegetation, originally ranging from northwestern Argentina to Paraná, where it reached its northeastern limit. Until the early 1980s, B. bellicosus was relatively abundant in Paraná, when the last known specimens were collected. In recent surveys conducted from 2002 to 2005, no specimens were recovered at sites in which the species was previously known to occur. Possible causes for local extinction of this species are discussed, including habitat conversion, pollution and climate change.


Bombus bellicosus extinction Threatened fauna Conservation Pollinators 



We thank the institutions housing specimens of Bombus bellicosus for allowing us to study their material: Laboratório de Pesquisas Biológicas da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (LPB/PUCRS), Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul e Laboratório de Abelhas Nativas (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina). We also thank Antonio JC Aguiar and Luiz RR Faria-Jr. for taking part in the collecting trip to southern Brazil in 2006, and Rodrigo B Gonçalves for collaboration in the survey at São José dos Pinhais in 2004–2005. The authors also acknowledge CNPq for a PIBIC scholarship to ACM and for a research scholarship to GARM.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Laboratório de BiologiaFederal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Pós-Graduação em Entomologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil

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