Pulmonary vein isolation with Mesh Ablator versus Cryoballoon Catheters: 6-month outcomes
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We sought to compare the results of pulmonary vein (PV) ablation using the high-density Mesh Ablator catheter (MESH) versus the cryoballoon (CRYO).
Methods and results
From August 2007 to November 2009, all patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation scheduled for a first procedure of PV isolation were screened by cardiac computed tomography for anatomical suitability to undergo ablation with a circumferential ostial ablation catheter. The procedure was finally performed in 79 out of 120 patients matching the criteria of four clearly separated PVs with an ostial diameter of 15–25 mm. The first consecutive 43 patients were treated with the MESH; the following 36 consecutive patients were treated with the CRYO. The procedures were performed with up to 900 s of either pulsed radiofrequency energy delivered by the MESH or cryoenergy applied with the CRYO. The clinical success rate was evaluated 6 months after a single procedure. Isolation of all PVs could be achieved in 40 patients (93%) in the MESH group compared to 31 patients (89%) in the CRYO group (p = ns). Major complications consisted of one tamponade in the MESH group and one reversible phrenic nerve palsy in the CRYO group. After 6 months, the clinical success rate was 44% (19/43 P) in the MESH versus 69% (25/36 P) in the CRYO group (p < 0.05).
Both methods of simplified circumferential PV ablation reveal a high acute success rate. The clinical 6-month results of the MESH are statistically significant inferior compared to the CRYO.
KeywordsAtrial fibrillation Catheter ablation Pulmonary veins MESH catheter Cryoballoon
Conflicts of interest
All authors declare that there is no potential conflict of interest.
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