Atrial Volume Reduction Following Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation and Relation to Reduction in Pulmonary Vein Size: An Evaluation Using Magnetic Resonance Angiography
- 259 Downloads
Introduction: Catheter ablation to achieve pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has become an increasingly used treatment strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of segmental isolation of PVs on volume of left atrium and its relation to the decrease in the size of the pulmonary veins.
Methods: Gadolinium enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) was performed in 51 AF patients before and 6 ~ 8 weeks post PV isolation, using cooled radio-frequency (RF) energy. Three-dimensional reconstruction with maximum intensity projections and multiplanar reformations was performed. Oblique coronal projections were used to measure the ostial size of PVs. Three orthogonal dimensions of LA chamber were measured and computed to assess the volume of the left atrium.
Results: The mean LA volume decreased by 15.7% after ablation (p < 0.001). The mean PV ostial diameter decreased by 11%, from 18.3 ± 0.8 mm to 16.7 ± 1.0 mm (p = 0.005). Moderate PV stenosis was noted in two veins out of the 192 veins analyzed. There was a significant correlation between changes in the size of PV ostium to that of the LA.
Conclusions: Catheter ablation of AF using a segmental PV isolation approach results in a significant reverse remodeling in the left atrium. Significant stenosis of PVs appears to be rare after the segmental isolation procedure.
Keywordsleft atrium atrial fibrillation magnetic resonance imaging catheter ablation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 8.Vasamreddy CR, Jayam V, Lickfett L, Nasir K, Bradley DJ, Eldadah Z, Dickfeld T, Donahue K, Halperin HS, Berger R, Calkins H. Technique and results of pulmonary vein angiography in patients undergoing catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2004;15:21–26.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 9.Kato R, Lickfett L, Meininger G, Dickfeld T, Wu R, Juang G, Angkeow P, LaCorte J, Bluemke D, Berger R, Halperin HR, Calkins H. Pulmonary vein anatomy in patients undergoing catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: Lessons learned by use of magnetic resonance imaging. Circulation 2003;107:2004–2010.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 14.Pappone C, Oreto G, Rosanio S, Vicedomini G, Tocchi M, Gugliotta F, Salvati A, Dicandia C, Calabro MP, Mazzone P, Ficarra E, Di Gioia C, Gulletta S, Nardi S, Santinelli V, Benussi S, Alfieri O. Atrial electroanatomic remodeling after circumferential radiofrequency pulmonary vein ablation: Efficacy of an anatomic approach in a large cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation. Circulation 2001;104:2539–2544.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 15.Scharf C, Sneider M, Case I, Chugh A, Lai SW, Pelosi F, Jr., Knight BP, Kazerooni E, Morady F, Oral H. Anatomy of the pulmonary veins in patients with atrial fibrillation and effects of segmental ostial ablation analyzed by computed tomography. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2003;14:150–155.PubMedGoogle Scholar