Stéphanie Ruphy: Scientific Pluralism Reconsidered. A New Approach to the (Dis)Unity of Science
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‘Scientific pluralism’ and ‘unity of science’ are wildly used and often unspecified terms in philosophy of science and science itself. Pluralistic ideas reach from arguments for pluralism as methodological choice against bias in science (Longino 1990) to metaphysical statements about the “dappled” state of the world (Cartwright 1999). In the last century, however, there have also been a number of different scientific and philosophical approaches towards scientific monism and unity of science, such as the program of linguistic unity of logical empiricism or the search for nomological unity through a ‘theory of everything’.
The first area deals with the unity or plurality of languages, objects and methods in...