Mental Health Disorders and Their Relationship with Work-Family Conflict in Upper Egypt
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Data for mental health disorders and its relation to work and family issues in Egypt are scarce. We conducted this cross-sectional study among 1021 participants aged 18–59 years from Minia, Upper Egypt to measure the prevalence of mental health disorders and their associations with work-family conflict. Mental disorders were assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatry Interview (MINI-Plus) diagnostic interview and work-family conflict was assessed by the National Study of Midlife Development in the US. Work-to-family conflict (WFC) was associated with a 5.2% increase in the probability of mental health disorders; the multivariable-adjusted OR (95% CI) in subjects with high versus low WFC was 2.26 (1.18–4.34). On the other hand, there was a 2.0% increase in the probability of mental health disorders with high family-to-work conflict (FWC); OR (95% CI) was 1.37 (0.78–2.41). One point increment in the total score of work-family conflict was associated with a 3.4% increased probability for having a mental health disorder. The highest probabilities for having mental disorders were found among participants whose jobs require a lot of travel away from home (3.4%) or take much energy (3.5%) and among those whose family activities stop them from getting the amount of sleep needed to do their jobs (3.4%).
KeywordsWork-family conflict Mental health disorders Egypt
The author would extend thanks to the fourth grade medical students in Minia University who have helped in data collection.
No specific funds were received for this work.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the Helsinki declaration and was approved by Minia University research ethics committee.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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