Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 681–690 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Subjective Well-Being and Work–Life Balance Among Labourers in Pakistan

  • Khadija ShamsEmail author
  • Alexander Kadow
Original Paper


The aim of this paper is to explore the importance of work–life balance in human life and how job characteristics affect overall well-being. Our data have been collected from the labour market in five major industrial estates in Pakistan, such as M3-industrial estate, Sundar industrial estate, Sindh industrial trading estate, Gawadar industrial estate, and Hayatabad industrial estate, using a stratified sampling technique. The data have been collected via questionnaire, and included demographic data (sex, age, education, number of children, marital status, and regional background), job characteristics (working hours per week), health, education, and monthly nominal income (in absolute terms) of the sample labourers. A regression model has been developed to check the association of well-being with socio-economic status as well as job characteristics of the labourer. We observed that a fair work-family life balance plays a positive and significant role in overall well-being, apart from socio-economic characteristics like health, education and income of a labourer. Policy makers should hence put more emphasis on favorable working hours to ensure greater happiness and better quality of life.


Happiness Labour market Pakistan Subjective well-being Work–life balance 

JEL Classification

I31 J08 J22 J81 J83 J88 



The authors would like to thank participants of the 16th annual conference of the International Society for Qualtiy-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) in Hong Kong for helpful comments. The research is purely conducted on an academic basis by having informed consent of the respondents. The authors have no conflict of interest.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This research is purely conducted on academic basis by having informed consent of the respondents.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsShaheed Benazir Bhutto Women UniversityPeshawarPakistan
  2. 2.University of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  3. 3.Department of Economics and LawFrankfurt University of Applied SciencesFrankfurt Am MainGermany
  4. 4.BundesbankFrankfurtGermany

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