Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 192–209 | Cite as

Reciprocity in the Formation of Intergenerational Coresidence

  • Meliyanni Johar
  • Shiko Maruyama
  • Sayaka NakamuraEmail author
Original Paper


Children play a key role in supporting elderly parents, and the literature has consistently found reciprocity whereby parents compensate their children for providing care and attention. To understand how the mode of compensation is related to the characteristics of parents and children, we studied the determinants of transitions to parent–child coresidence in Japan. The results conformed to the hypothesis that the mode of reciprocity depends on the costs and benefits of coresidence for each family member. Parental assets and care needs were associated with coresidence. Additionally, transitions to coresidence with married parents were characterized by young, unmarried children and the presence of parental housing assets, whereas transitions to coresidence with widowed mothers were characterized by mothers’ non-housing assets.


Transition analysis Latent class model Informal care Parent–child coresidence Aged care 



The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Australian Research Council’s Discovery Projects funding scheme (Project Number DP110100773) and from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR). We also thank the Nihon University Center for Information Networking for the use of the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging data.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meliyanni Johar
    • 1
  • Shiko Maruyama
    • 1
  • Sayaka Nakamura
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Economics Discipline GroupUniversity of Technology SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of EconomicsNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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