Balancing Household Needs: The Non-food Needs of Food Pantry Clients and Their Implications for Program Planning
- 627 Downloads
In 2009, over 33 million different people used food pantries to supplement their basic food needs. Food pantries are increasingly called upon to provide non-food items. What is unknown is how going without basic household products affects families. This exploratory study aimed to identify personal household products food pantry clients are most likely to find essential for basic living, the consequences for going without, and strategies to procure basic products. Twenty-five food pantry clients were interviewed. Three classes of products were identified: survival, keep the household together, and “make do” products. Consequences of going without basic products include stress, personal degradation, and engaging in illegal activities. Program recommendations include distribution planning and incorporating an awareness of different family coping strategies.
KeywordsFamily coping Food insecurity Food pantries
This research was supported, in part, by Feeding America, through a grant from Procter & Gamble, and the United States Department of Agriculture (Hatch 793-328). The authors express their sincere gratitude to the interviewers and pantry clients who participated in this project.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.
- Anater, A., McWilliams, R., & Latkin, C. (2011). Food acquisition practices used by food-insecure individuals when they are concerned about having sufficient food for themselves and their households. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, 6, 27–44. doi: 10.1080/19320248.2011.549368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2012). Thematic analysis. In H. Cooper (Ed.), APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology (Vol. 2) (pp. 57–72). Washington D.C: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Coleman-Jensen, A., Nord, M., Andrews, M., & Carlson, S. (2012). Household Food Security in the United States in 2011. ERR-141, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, September 2012.Google Scholar
- Cook, J. T., Frank, D. A., Berkowitz, C., Black, M. M., Casey, P. H., Cutts, D. B., et al. (2004). Food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes among human infants and toddlers. Journal of Nutrition, 134, 1432–1438.Google Scholar
- Creswell, J. W., Klassen, A. C., Plano-Clark, V. L., & Clegg Smith, K. (2011). Best Practices for Mixed Methods Research in the Health Sciences. Washington DC: OBSSR Retrieved March 3, 2012 from http://obssr.od.nih.gov/scientific_areas/methodology/mixed_methods_research/pdf/Best_Practices_for_Mixed_Methods_Research.pdf.
- Frank, D. A., Neault, N. B., Skalicky, A., Cook, J. T., Wilson, J. D., Levenson, S., et al. (2005). Heat or eat: The low income home energy assistance program and nutritional and health risks among children less than 3 years of age. Pediatrics, 118, e1293–e1302. doi: 10.1542/peds.2005-2943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mabli, J., Cohen, R., Potter, F., & Zhaog, Z. (2010). Hunger in America 2010 National Report Prepared for Feeding America. Princeton: Mathematica Policy Research.Google Scholar
- Nord, M. (2011). Food Security in the United States: Household Survey Tools. Food Security in the United States Retrieved January 17, 2012 from http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/FoodSecurity/surveytools.htm.
- Red Cross (2007). Talking About Disaster: Guide for Standard Messages Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://www.redcross.org/images/pdfs/code/disaster_supplies_kit.pdf.
- Red Cross (2011). Baby Love, Household, Personal, Baby Pantry Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://www.redcross-greatlakesbay.org/index.html.
- Stanton, M. W., & Rutherford, M. K. (2003). Dental care: Improving access and quality: Research in Action Issue #13. Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
- United States General Accounting Office. (2000). Oral Health: Dental disease is a chronic problem among low-income populations. Washington D. C: GAO/HEHS.Google Scholar