Working for Peanuts: Nonstandard Work and Food Insecurity Across Household Structure
- 549 Downloads
This study investigates the relationship between household head’s work form (by considering number of hours worked and multiple job holding) and household food insecurity utilizing the Food Security Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Households where the head is employed in multiple jobs, in work with varied hours, or part-time work are more likely to be food insecure than households with a head in a regular full-time job, even when controlling for income and other social demographic characteristics. Models are estimated separately for married couple, cohabiting, male-headed, female-headed and single-person households to show the interaction between work form and household structure. The relationship between food insecurity and nonstandard work arrangements may be due to unstable incomes and complex schedules.
KeywordsCurrent population survey Food insecurity Food security Nonstandard work
The author would like to thank Diane K. McLaughlin, Leif Jensen, Valarie King and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on earlier drafts. Any errors or omissions are the sole responsibility of the author. Views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Economic Research Service or the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- Blanchard, T., & Lyson, T. (2002 November). Access to low cost groceries in nonmetropolitan counties: Large retailers and the creation of food deserts. Paper presented at the Measuring Rural Diversity Conference, Washinton, DC. Available at: http://srdc.msstate.edu/measuring/blanchard.pdf.
- Coleman-Jensen, A. J. (2009). Time poverty, work characteristics and the transition to food insecurity among low-income households. Doctoral dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, 2009.Google Scholar
- Davis, G. C., & You, W. (2009). The time cost of food at home: General and Food Stamp participant profiles. Applied Economics, iFirst. doi: 10.1080/00036840801964468.
- DeVault, M. (1991). Feeding the family: The social organization of caring as gendered work. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Fitchen, J. (1981). Poverty in rural America: A case study. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.Google Scholar
- Gunderson, C., & Gruber, J. (2001). The dynamic determinants of food insufficiency. In M. Andrews & M. Prell (Eds.), Second food security and measurement research conference (Vol. 2, pp. 91–109). Washington, D.C.: Economic Research Service.Google Scholar
- Herzenberg, S. A., Alic, J. A., & Wial, H. (2000). Nonstandard employment and the structure of postindustrial labor markets. In F. Carre, M. A. Ferber, L. Golden, & S. A. Herzenberg (Eds.), Nonstandard work: The nature and challenges of changing employment arrangements (pp. 399–426). Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.Google Scholar
- Menard, S. (2001). Applied logistic regression analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- National Research Council. (2006). G. S. Wunderlich & J. L. Norwood (Eds.), Food insecurity and hunger in the United States: An assessment of the measure, Committee on National Statistics, Panel to review the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s measurement of food insecurity and hunger. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
- Newman, C. (2006). Income volatility complicates food assistance. Amber Waves, 4(4), 16–21.Google Scholar
- Nord, M., & Andrews, M. (2002). Reducing food insecurity in the United States: Assessing progress toward a national objective. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.Google Scholar
- Nord, M., Andrews, M., & Carlson, S. (2008). Household food security in the United States, 2007, Economic Research Report Number 66. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.Google Scholar
- Olson, C. M., Anderson, K., Kiss, E., Lawrence, F. C., & Seiling, S. B. (2004). Factors protecting against and contributing to food insecurity among rural families. Family Economics and Nutrition Review, 16, 12–20.Google Scholar
- Presser, H. B. (2003). Working in a 24/7 economy: Challenges for American families. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
- Winson, A., & Leach, B. (2002). Contingent work, disrupted lives: Labour and community in the new rural economy. Buffalo: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar