Linking Financial Strain to Marital Instability: Examining the Roles of Emotional Distress and Marital Interaction
- 1.2k Downloads
Using a sample consisting of 4,997 married couples from the National Survey of Families and Households, individual emotional distress, the occurrence of couple disagreements, couple fighting, and couple quality time together mediated the relationship between financial strain and personal assessments of marital instability. The overall results suggest that financial strain influences both positive and negative forms of couple interaction which are stronger mediators than personal emotional distress of the relationship between financial strain and marital instability. The results further suggest that there were no gender differences among these linkages.
KeywordsCouple interaction Disagreements Financial strain Marital conflict Marital instability
The authors would like to thank Shari Gudmunson for her assistance, and thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions.
- Brody, G. H., Stoneman, Z., Flor, D., McCrary, C., Hastings, L., & Conyers, O. (1994). Financial resources, parent psychological functioning, parent co-caregiving, and early adolescent competence in rural two-parent African-American families. Child Development, 65, 590–605.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Conger, R. D., Ge, X., & Lorenz, F. O. (1994). Economic stress and marital relations. In R. D. Conger, G. H. Elder, F. O. Lorenz, R. L. Simons, & L. B. Whitbeck (Eds.), Families in troubled times: Adapting to change in rural America (pp. 187–203). Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
- Conger, K. J., Reuter, M. A., & Conger, R. D. (2000). The role of economic pressure in the lives of parents, their adolescents: The family stress model. In L. J. Crockett, & R. K. Silbereisen (Eds.), Negotiating adolescence in times of social change (pp. 201–223). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Goldberg, M. (1987). Patterns of disagreement in marriage. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 21, 42–52.Google Scholar
- Guilbert, D. E., Vacc, N. A., & Pasley, K. (2000). The relationship of gender role beliefs, negativity, distancing, and marital instability. Family Journal-Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 8, 124–132.Google Scholar
- Sweet, J. A., & Bumpass, L. L. (1996). The National Survey of Families and Households—waves 1 and 2: Data description and documentation. Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved August 15, 2005 from, (http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/nsfh/home.htm).