Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 151–170 | Cite as

Migration Decisions of Dual-earner Families: An Application of Multilevel Modeling

Original Paper


A comprehensive framework for guiding analyses of internal migration is lacking. This study contributes to the family migration literature in three important ways. We develop a multilevel theoretical framework emphasizing an integration of individual-, family-, and neighborhood-level effects; introduce multilevel statistical modeling; and explicitly assess how effects of economic-based explanatory variables vary by gender. Our data are from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). We find that the likelihood of a family migrating is affected by economic and non-economic factors, some of which vary by gender. We add to the dual-earner migration literature by finding that wives are not likely to be tied-movers, but husbands are likely to be tied-stayers. Neighborhood factors also are important to the decision to migrate.


Dual-earner families Internal migration Migration Multilevel modeling Panel Study of Income Dynamics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National City CorporationHighland HillsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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