Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 395–417 | Cite as

The Differential Salience of Family and Community Demands and Resources for Family-to-Work Conflict and Facilitation

  • Patricia Voydanoff


This paper examines the differential salience of family and community demands and resources in relation to family-to-work conflict and facilitation. The study used interviews with 1567 employed, married, parents from the 1995 National Survey of Midlife Development (MIDUS). Family demands show relatively strong positive relationships to family-to-work conflict, whereas family resources are relatively important for family-to-work facilitation. Two community demands are positively related to family-to-work conflict and one community resource is positively associated with facilitation. Community demands and resources generally do not moderate relationships between family demands and resources and family-to-work conflict and facilitation. The study suggests that processes associated with demands are relatively important for family-to-work conflict, whereas processes embedded in resources are relatively salient for family-to-work facilitation.

Key words

community demands and resources family demands family resources family-to-work conflict family-to-work facilitation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams, G. A., King, L. A., King, D. W. 1996Relationships of job and family involvement, family social support, and work–family conflict with job and life satisfactionJournal of Applied Psychology81411420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aryee, S., Fields, D., Luk, V. 1999A cross-cultural test of a model of the work–family interfaceJournal of Management25491511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beauregard, T. A. 2002, AugustCan work domain variables predict family interference with work?Paper presented at the annual meetings of the Academy of ManagementSeattleGoogle Scholar
  4. Boyar, S. L., Maertz, C. P.,Jr. 2003, AprilWork–family conflict: The mediating effect of work and family demandPaper presented at the annual meetings of the Society for Industrial and Organizational PsychologyOrlandoGoogle Scholar
  5. Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M. 2000Work–family conflict in the organizationJournal of Management2610311054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., Schaufeli, W. B. 2001The job demands-resources model of burnoutJournal of Applied Psychology86499512CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Edwards, J. R., Rothbard, N. P. 2000Mechanisms linking work and familyAcademy of Management Review25178199Google Scholar
  8. Frone, M. R. 2003Work–family balanceQuick, J. C.Tetrick, L. E. eds. Handbook of occupational health psychologyAmerican Psychological AssociationWashington, DC143162Google Scholar
  9. Frone, M. R., Russell, M., Cooper, M. L. 1992Antecedents and outcomes of work–family conflictJournal of Applied Psychology776578CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Frone, M. R., Yardley, J. K., Markel, K. S. 1997Developing and testing an integrative model of the work–family interfaceJournal of Vocational Behavior50145167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grandey, A. A., Cropanzano, R. 1999The conservation of resources model applied to work–family conflict and strainJournal of Vocational Behavior54350370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greenhaus, J. H., Beutell, N. J. 1985Sources of conflict between work and family rolesAcademy of Management Journal107688Google Scholar
  13. Greenhaus, J. H., Powell, G. N. (in press). When work and family are allies. Academy of Management ReviewGoogle Scholar
  14. Grzywacz, J. G., Marks, N. F. 2000Reconceptualizing the work–family interfaceJournal of Occupational Health Psychology5111126CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Keyes, C. L. 1998Social well-beingSocial Psychology Quarterly61121140Google Scholar
  16. Kowalski, K. B., Beauvais, L. L. 2001, AugustA model of the antecedents of work–family conflict and family–work conflict as moderated by social supportPaper presented at the annual meetings of the Academy of ManagementWashingtonGoogle Scholar
  17. Lazarus, R. S., Folkman, S. 1984Stress, appraisal, and copingSpringerNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. McMillan, D. W., Chavis, D. M. 1986Sense of communityAmerican Journal of Community Psychology2775105Google Scholar
  19. Montgomery, A. J., Peeters, M. C. W., Schaufeli, W. B., Den, M. 2003Work-home interference among newspaper managersAnxiety, Stress, and Coping16195211Google Scholar
  20. Piotrkowski, C. 1979Work and the family systemFree PressNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Rothbard, N. P. 2001Enriching or depleting? The dynamics of engagement in work and family rolesAdministrative Science Quarterly46655684Google Scholar
  22. Schuster, T. L., Kessler, R. C., Aseltine, R. H. 1990Supportive interactions, negative interactions, and depressed moodAmerican Journal of Community Psychology18423438CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Sumer, H. C., Knight, P. A. 2001How do people with different attachment styles balance work and family?Journal of Applied Psychology86653663CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Voydanoff, P. 2002Linkages between the work–family interface and work, family, and individual outcomesJournal of Family Issues23138164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Voydanoff, P. 2004aImplications of work and community demands and resources for work-to-family conflict and facilitationJournal of Occupational Health Psychology9275285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Voydanoff, P. 2004bThe effects of work and community resources and demands on family integrationJournal of Family and Economic Issues25723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Voydanoff, P. 2004cThe effects of work demands and resources on work-to-family conflict and facilitationJournal of Marriage and Family66398412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Woldoff, R. A. 2002The effects of local stressors on neighborhood attachmentSocial Forces3187116Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fitz Center for Leadership in CommunityUniversity of DaytonDayton

Personalised recommendations