Journal of Educational Change

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 109–124 | Cite as

Developing inclusive education systems: what are the levers for change?

  • Mel AinscowEmail author


This paper argues that inclusion is the major challenge facing educational systems around the world. Reflecting on evidence from a programme of research carried out over the last 10 years, it provides a framework for determining levers that can help to ease systems in a more inclusive direction. The focus is on factors within schools that influence the development of thinking and practice, as well as wider contextual factors that may constrain such developments. It is argued that many of the barriers experienced by learners arise from existing ways of thinking. Consequently, strategies for developing inclusive practices have to involve interruptions to thinking in order to encourage an exploration of overlooked possibilities for moving practice forward.


Education System Contextual Factor Educational System Inclusive Education Curriculum Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Education, Centre Equity in EducationThe University of ManchesterManchesterUnited Kingdom

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