Journal of Electroceramics

, Volume 41, Issue 1–4, pp 60–66 | Cite as

Synthesis and electrical properties of 0.65Bi1.05Fe1-xGaxO3–0.35BaTiO3 piezoceramics by air quenching process

  • Salman Ali Khan
  • Rizwan Ahmed Malik
  • Fazli Akram
  • Ali Hussain
  • Tae-Kwon Song
  • Won-Jeong Kim
  • Myong-Ho KimEmail author


In this work, lead-free piezoelectric ceramics 0.65Bi1.05Fe1-xGaxO3–0.35BaTiO3, where x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.025, and 0.03 abbreviated as BFG–BT have been synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction followed by air quenching process. The effects of Ga on crystal structure, microstructure and electric properties of the ceramics have been investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that Ga addition into BF-BT ceramics caused no significant change in crystal structure. However, improvements in ferroelectric, dielectric and piezoelectric properties were obtained at the optimum composition of Ga addition in BF-BT ceramics. A static piezoelectric constant of d33 = 145 pC/N with high Curie temperature TC = 452 °C were obtained at 2 mol% Ga modified BF–BT ceramics.


Lead-free Dielectric properties Ferroelectric properties Piezoelectric properties BiFeO3 



This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), as funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) (2011–0030058) and also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (2018R1A2B6005044).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salman Ali Khan
    • 1
  • Rizwan Ahmed Malik
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fazli Akram
    • 1
  • Ali Hussain
    • 2
  • Tae-Kwon Song
    • 1
  • Won-Jeong Kim
    • 3
  • Myong-Ho Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringChangwon National UniversityGyeongnamRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgy and Materials EngineeringUET TaxilaTaxilaPakistan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsChangwon National UniversityChangwonRepublic of Korea

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