Journal of Electroceramics

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 247–256 | Cite as

Improved magnetic properties of bismuth ferrite ceramics by La and Gd co-substitution

  • Mehmet S. BozgeyikEmail author
  • Rajesh K. Katiyar
  • Ram S. Katiyar


Increased magnetic properties of La and Gd substituted bismuth ferrite (Bi0.9La0.1Fe1-xGdxO3) (BLFGO) ceramics are reported. Considering perovskite structure of bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3), Bi and Fe sites were partially substituted by La and Gd, respectively. These materials were synthesized by conventional solid state reaction method. Crystal structure and phase purity were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering spectroscopy at room temperature. A considerable improved ferromagnetic properties with double remnant magnetization of 0.184 emu/g was observed by increasing Gd ratio up to 5%. With different ionic sizes and due to magnetic moment of Gd, an induced deformation of spin cycloid structure had thereby resulted in net magnetization. Also, we monitor some decrease in dielectric loss upon La and Gd substitutions. Additionally, these ceramics showed significant magnetoelectric coupling. Such improvements on magnetic, insulation, and magnetoelectric properties demonstrated the potential of BLFGO for possible multiferroic device applications.


La-Gd co-substituted bismuth ferrite Multiferroic ceramics BiFeO3 Magnetic properties Solid-state reaction 



Mehmet S. Bozgeyik acknowledges the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) for postdoctoral scholarship (2219). We are very much thankful to Prof. R. Palai of University of Puerto Rico for providing magneto-dielectric measurement facilities. Financial support by the DOE- Grant#DE-FG02-08ER46526 at UPR was utilized to carry out the work.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehmet S. Bozgeyik
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rajesh K. Katiyar
    • 1
  • Ram S. Katiyar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Institute of Functional NanomaterialsUniversity of Puerto RicoSan JuanUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and LiteratureKahramanmaras Sutcu Imam UniversityKahramanmarasTurkey

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