Advertisement

Journal of Electroceramics

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 235–246 | Cite as

Effect of Ni addition on PNZT tungsten bronze structure

  • Rashmi Gupta
  • Deepa Singh
  • Ranjan K. Singh
  • K. K. Bamzai
Article
  • 71 Downloads

Abstract

Lead niobate zirconate titanate (PNZT) with general formula 0.5PbNb2O6–0.5Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 (where x = 0.15, 0.25, 0.35) and lead nickel niobate zirconate titanate (PNNZT) with general formula Pb(NixNb0.5-xZr0.25Ti0.25)O3 (where x = 0.167, 0.250, 0.333) have been prepared by conventional solid state reaction. The phase formation has been studied by X – ray diffraction analysis. Raman investigations have been carried out in the 200–1000 cm−1 wave number range. The structural changes observed in the X – ray diffraction pattern has been further confirmed by Raman analysis. The major changes in the E(1TO), A1(1TO) and E + B1 phonon modes suggest the structural change from cubic to rhombohedral with increase in Ni concentration in PNNZT. The optical band gap has been calculated from UV – Vis absorption spectra.

Keywords

PNZT X-ray diffraction Raman spectra Absorption spectra Band gap 

Notes

Acknowledgments

One of the authors Dr. Deepa Singh is thankful to Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India for awarding Women Scientist scheme vide no.: SR/WOS-A/PS-59/2012 (G). The authors express their gratitude to Sophisticated Test and Instrumentation Centre (STIC) Cochin University for providing XRD and SEM – EDAX facilities.

References

  1. 1.
    L.E. Cross, S.J. Jang, R.E. Newnham, S. Nomura, K. Uchino, Ferroelectrics 23, 187–192 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G.H. Haertling, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82(4), 797–818 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Fu, R.E. Cohen, Nature (London) 403, 281 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. J. Moulson, J. M. Herbert, Electroceramics (Wiley, Southern Gate, 2003), pp. 35Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E.F. Alberta, A.S. Bhalla, Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 987 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Fan, H.E. Kim, J. Mater. Res. 17, 180–185 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Yamashita, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 4652–4656 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V.J. Tennery, K.W. Hang, R.E. Novak, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 51, 671 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Luff, R. Lane, K.R. Brown, H. Marshallsay, Trans. J. Br. Ceram. Soc. 73, 251–264 (1974)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Robert, M.D. Maeder, D. Damjanovic, N. Setter, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 84, 2869–2872 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Mahajan, C. Prakash, O.P. Thakur, J. Alloys Compd. 471, 507–510 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    O. Babushkin, T. Lindback, J.C. Lue, J.Y.M. Leblais, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 18, 737–744 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. Ramos - Moore, P. Ferrari, D.E. Diaz - Droguett, D. Lederman, J.T. Evans, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 014108 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. Vittayakorn, G. Rujijanagul, X. Tan, M.A. Marquardt, D.P. Cann, J. App. Phys. 96, 5103–5109 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Ting, L. Junhong, D. Wenlong, X. Chenyang, Z. Wendong, J. Semicond 30, 083001 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K.V.C. Lima, A.G.S. Filho, A.P. Ayala, J.M. Filho, P.T.C. Freire, F.E.A. Melo, E.B. Araujo, J.A. Eiras, Phys. Rev. B 63, 184105 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.G.S. Filho, K.C.V. Lima, A.P. Ayala, I. Guedes, P.T.C. Freire, J.M. Filho, E.B. Araujo, J.A. Eiras, Phys. Rev. B 61, 14283 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Frantti, J. Lappalainen, S. Eriksson, V. Lantto, S. Nishio, M. Kakihana, S. Ivanov, H. Rundlof, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part I(39), 5697 (2000)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Deluca, T. Sakashita, W. Zhu, H. Chazono, G. Pezzotti, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083526 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G.A. Smolenskii, J. Phy. Soc. Japan (Suppl.) 28, 26–37 (1970)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.E. Lines, A.M. Glass, Principals and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1977)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Gupta, S. Verma, V. Singh, K. K. Bamzai, J. Ceram. 2015, 12,  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/835150 (2015)
  23. 23.
    R. Gupta, S. Verma, D. Singh, K. Singh, K.K. Bamzai, Process. Appl. Ceram. 9(1), 1–9 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.G.S. Filho, K.C.V. Lima, A.P. Ayala, I. Guedes, P.T.C. Freire, F.E.A. Melo, J.M. Filho, E.B. Araujo, J.A. Eiras, Phys. Rev. B 66, 132107 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    G. Burns, B. Scott, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1191 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. Burns, B. Scott, Phys. Rev. B 7, 3088 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M.K. Zhu, P.X. Lu, Y.D. Hou, X.M. Song, H. Yang, H. Yan, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89, 3739 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    E.R. Camargo, J. Frantti, M. Kakihana, J. Mater. Chem. 11, 1875–1879 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Z.-X. Zhu, J.-F. Li, Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 3880–3887 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. Mihailova, U. Bismayer, B. Güttler, M. Gospodinov, L. Konstantinov, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 14(5), 1091 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. Baldinozzi, P. Sciau, A. Bulou, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 7, 8109 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Palantnikov, O. Sheherbina, N. Sidorov, K. Bormanis, Ukr. J. Phys. Opt. 13(4), 142–150 (2012)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R.M. Khafagy, Egypt. J. Solids 31, 171–180 (2008)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S.L. Swartz, T.R. Shrout, Mater. Res. Bull. 17, 1245 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Kano, H. Taniguchi, D. Fu, M. Itoh, S. Kojima, Ferroelectrics 367(1), 67–72 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Y. Qi, H. Qi, J. Li, C. Lu, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 4221–4225 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    P. Kubelka, J. Oct. Soc. Am. 38, 448 (1948)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    E.A. Davis, N.F. Mott, Philos. Mag. 22, 903 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Crystal Growth & Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics and ElectronicsUniversity of JammuJammuIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsBanaras Hindu University (BHU)VaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations