Journal of Electroceramics

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 235–246 | Cite as

Effect of Ni addition on PNZT tungsten bronze structure

  • Rashmi Gupta
  • Deepa Singh
  • Ranjan K. Singh
  • K. K. BamzaiEmail author


Lead niobate zirconate titanate (PNZT) with general formula 0.5PbNb2O6–0.5Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 (where x = 0.15, 0.25, 0.35) and lead nickel niobate zirconate titanate (PNNZT) with general formula Pb(NixNb0.5-xZr0.25Ti0.25)O3 (where x = 0.167, 0.250, 0.333) have been prepared by conventional solid state reaction. The phase formation has been studied by X – ray diffraction analysis. Raman investigations have been carried out in the 200–1000 cm−1 wave number range. The structural changes observed in the X – ray diffraction pattern has been further confirmed by Raman analysis. The major changes in the E(1TO), A1(1TO) and E + B1 phonon modes suggest the structural change from cubic to rhombohedral with increase in Ni concentration in PNNZT. The optical band gap has been calculated from UV – Vis absorption spectra.


PNZT X-ray diffraction Raman spectra Absorption spectra Band gap 



One of the authors Dr. Deepa Singh is thankful to Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India for awarding Women Scientist scheme vide no.: SR/WOS-A/PS-59/2012 (G). The authors express their gratitude to Sophisticated Test and Instrumentation Centre (STIC) Cochin University for providing XRD and SEM – EDAX facilities.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Crystal Growth & Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics and ElectronicsUniversity of JammuJammuIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsBanaras Hindu University (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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