Separation of the bulk and grain boundary contributions to the total conductivity of solid lithium-ion conducting electrolytes
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The transport properties of lithium-ion conducting Li3xLa2/3-xTiO3 are studied for bulk and grain-boundary effects. This paper introduces a procedure for investigating bulk and grain-boundary polarization contributions using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and subsequent analysis via the distribution function of relaxation times (DRT) . The frequency range of impedance spectroscopy is extended up to 120 MHz to resolve all conductivity contributions occurring in a polycrystalline solid electrolyte. Intra grain (bulk) and inter grain (grain boundary) conductivity contributions are separated using (i) a systematic variation of solid electrolyte contacting, (ii) two different solid electrolyte microstructures and activation energies were determined using adequate equivalent circuit models. Finally, these results are supported by SEM analysis, revealing different grain size distributions and different contents of inhomogeneities in Li3xLa2/3-xTiO3 solid electrolytes sintered at 1400°C and at 1450°C.
KeywordsSolid electrolyte Impedance analysis LLTO Bulk/grain boundary separation
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