Journal of Computational Neuroscience

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 317–334 | Cite as

Reliability of spike and burst firing in thalamocortical relay cells

  • Fleur ZeldenrustEmail author
  • Pascal J. P. Chameau
  • Wytse J. Wadman


The reliability and precision of the timing of spikes in a spike train is an important aspect of neuronal coding. We investigated reliability in thalamocortical relay (TCR) cells in the acute slice and also in a Morris-Lecar model with several extensions. A frozen Gaussian noise current, superimposed on a DC current, was injected into the TCR cell soma. The neuron responded with spike trains that showed trial-to-trial variability, due to amongst others slow changes in its internal state and the experimental setup. The DC current allowed to bring the neuron in different states, characterized by a well defined membrane voltage (between −80 and −50 mV) and by a specific firing regime that on depolarization gradually shifted from a predominantly bursting regime to a tonic spiking regime. The filtered frozen white noise generated a spike pattern output with a broad spike interval distribution. The coincidence factor and the Hunter and Milton measure were used as reliability measures of the output spike train. In the experimental TCR cell as well as the Morris-Lecar model cell the reliability depends on the shape (steepness) of the current input versus spike frequency output curve. The model also allowed to study the contribution of three relevant ionic membrane currents to reliability: a T-type calcium current, a cation selective h-current and a calcium dependent potassium current in order to allow bursting, investigate the consequences of a more complex current-frequency relation and produce realistic firing rates. The reliability of the output of the TCR cell increases with depolarization. In hyperpolarized states bursts are more reliable than single spikes. The analytically derived relations were capable to predict several of the experimentally recorded spike features.


Reliability Precision Morris-Lecar model Thalamocortical relay cell Coincidence factor Hunter and Milton measure Frozen noise 



We are very grateful to the extensive and constructive comments of one of our anonymous reviewers.

Supplementary material

10827_2013_454_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.5 mb)
(PDF 1.45 MB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fleur Zeldenrust
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pascal J. P. Chameau
    • 1
  • Wytse J. Wadman
    • 1
  1. 1.Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, Center for NeuroscienceUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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