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Motor pattern selection by combinatorial code of interneuronal pathways

  • Wolfgang Stein
  • Oliver Straub
  • Jessica Ausborn
  • Wolfgang Mader
  • Harald Wolf
Article

Abstract

We use a modeling approach to examine ideas derived from physiological network analyses, pertaining to the switch of a motor control network between two opposite control modes. We studied the femur–tibia joint control system of the insect leg, and its switch between resistance reflex in posture control and “active reaction” in walking, both elicited by the same sensory input. The femur–tibia network was modeled by fitting the responses of model neurons to those obtained in animals. The strengths of 16 interneuronal pathways that integrate sensory input were then assigned three different values and varied independently, generating a database of more than 43 million network variants. We demonstrate that the same neural network can produce the two different behaviors, depending on the combinatorial code of interneuronal pathways. That is, a switch between behaviors, such as standing to walking, can be brought about by altering the strengths of selected sensory integration pathways.

Keywords

Physiological simulations Exhaustive search Posture control Stick insect Combinatorial code Movement control Neuronal network Sensory feedback 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Dr. Arne Sauer for his help with the project. The Communication and Information Center of Ulm University, and namely Peter Schulthess, permitted use of their computer facilities as an essential prerequisite for our exhaustive search strategy. Jessica Ausborn was supported by a scholarship of the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes during this study.

Supplementary material

10827_2008_93_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (190 kb)
Supplementary material 1 Supplementary material regarding Fig. 7 (PDF 195 kb)
10827_2008_93_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (215 kb)
Supplementary material 2 Supplementary material regarding Fig. 14 (PDF 219 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Stein
    • 1
  • Oliver Straub
    • 1
  • Jessica Ausborn
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Mader
    • 1
  • Harald Wolf
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of NeurobiologyUlm UniversityUlmGermany

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