Journal of Computational Neuroscience

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 227–241 | Cite as

An integrate-and-fire model for synchronized bursting in a network of cultured cortical neurons

Article

Abstract

It has been suggested that spontaneous synchronous neuronal activity is an essential step in the formation of functional networks in the central nervous system. The key features of this type of activity consist of bursts of action potentials with associated spikes of elevated cytoplasmic calcium. These features are also observed in networks of rat cortical neurons that have been formed in culture. Experimental studies of these cultured networks have led to several hypotheses for the mechanisms underlying the observed synchronized oscillations. In this paper, bursting integrate-and-fire type mathematical models for regular spiking (RS) and intrinsic bursting (IB) neurons are introduced and incorporated through a small-world connection scheme into a two-dimensional excitatory network similar to those in the cultured network.

This computer model exhibits spontaneous synchronous activity through mechanisms similar to those hypothesized for the cultured experimental networks. Traces of the membrane potential and cytoplasmic calcium from the model closely match those obtained from experiments. We also consider the impact on network behavior of the IB neurons, the geometry and the small world connection scheme.

Keywords

Integrate-and-fire Cultured cortical network Spontaneous synchronized oscillations 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical SciencesUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.College of MedicineUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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