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Journal of Computational Neuroscience

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 325–356 | Cite as

Generation of Very Slow Neuronal Rhythms and Chaos Near the Hopf Bifurcation in Single Neuron Models

  • Shinji DoiEmail author
  • Sadatoshi Kumagai
Article

Abstract

We have presented a new generation mechanism of slow spiking or repetitive discharges with extraordinarily long inter-spike intervals using the modified Hodgkin-Huxley equations (Doi and Kumagai, 2001). This generation process of slow firing is completely different from that of the well-known potassium A-current in that the steady-state current-voltage relation of the neuronal model is monotonic rather than the N-shaped one of the A-current. In this paper, we extend the previous results and show that the very slow spiking generically appears in both the three-dimensional Hodgkin-Huxley equations and the three dimensional Bonhoeffer-van der Pol (or FitzHugh-Nagumo) equations. The generation of repetitive discharges or the destabilization of the unique equilibrium point (resting potential) is a simple Hopf bifurcation. We also show that the generation of slow spiking does not depend on the stability of the Hopf bifurcation: supercritical or subcritical. The dynamics of slow spiking is investigated in detail and we demonstrate that the phenomenology of slow spiking can be categorized into two types according to the type of the corresponding bifurcation of a fast subsystem: Hopf or saddle-node bifurcation.

Keywords

slow oscillation chaos Hopf bifurcation homoclinic orbit singular perturbation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka UniversitySuitaJapan

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