Overparenting and Perfectionistic Concerns Predict Academic Entitlement in Young Adults

  • Kathryn L. FletcherEmail author
  • Eric E. Pierson
  • Kristie L. Speirs Neumeister
  • W. Holmes Finch
Original Paper



The current study examined the relationships among overparenting, personality, and academic attitudes to better understand the factors related to students’ academic entitlement and academic dishonesty.


Three hundred and forty-three undergraduate students, from a mostly White and female sample, completed questionnaires online to measure the extent to which students felt that other people expected perfect performance from them (i.e., socially prescribed perfectionism), the extent to which parents used overparenting practices, a broad personality measure, and their attitudes about academic dishonesty and entitlement.


The relationship between overparenting and academic entitlement as mediated through socially prescribed perfectionism was statistically significant. This mediated relationship was moderated by neuroticism with a stronger positive relationship between overparenting and academic entitlement for individuals with higher levels of neuroticism. Only gender was significantly related to academic dishonesty.


Students with overbearing parents and anxious personality traits are at increased risk of alienating professors with entitled attitudes and behaviors. Our results may help higher education administrators and professors to more fully understand the dynamics underlying students’ academic entitlement.


Overparenting Perfectionism Perfectionistic concerns Academic dishonesty Academic entitlement 


Author Contributions

K.L.F., E.E.P., and K.L.S. designed and executed the study, assisted with the data analyses, wrote the paper, and final editing of the paper. W.H.F. analyzed the data, wrote the results, and final editing of the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures reported in the study were approved by the Institutional Review Board housed within the Office of Research Integrity at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana.

Informed Consent

All participants indicated informed consent in their completion of the online surveys.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyBall State UniversityMuncieUSA

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