Advertisement

Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 12, pp 3499–3507 | Cite as

The Mediating Role of Students’ Perception of Parental Behaviours between Parental Attachment and School Choice Exploration

  • Diego Boerchi
  • Giulio D’UrsoEmail author
  • Ugo Pace
Original Paper
  • 92 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to explore the relationships between students’ perception of parental behaviours towards their children’s choice, parental attachment and students’ exploration when choosing a school.

Method

Participants included 1851 pre-adolescents attending some public middle schools’ third classes. They completed the adaptation to school choices of the Exploration of Vocational Issue Scale—the SIL Scale—to evaluate the students’ perceptions of their parents’ career-related behaviours and the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment to evaluate the parental relationships.

Results

The results showed significant relationships between communication, parental trust and parental alienation in regard to the exploration of choosing a school. Furthermore, the three perceived parental behaviours (support, interference and lack of engagement) partially mediated the relationship between parental attachment and exploration.

Conclusions

The study suggests that a good attachment relationships encourages students to explore their own opportunity to choose the best schooling option only if they feel supported and not bypassed by their parents.

Keywords

Parental attachment Parental career related behaviours School choice 

Notes

Author Contributions

This paper is the joint work of all the authors. However, the authors worked together at each part of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards and were approved by the Italian Psychology Association.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. N. (2015). Patterns of attachment: a psychological study of the strange situation. New York, NY: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  2. Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(5), 427–454.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Baiocco, R., Laghi, F., & Paola, R. (2009). Le scale IPPA per l’attaccamento nei confronti dei genitori e del gruppo dei pari in adolescenza: un contributo alla validazione italiana. Psicologia Clinica dello Sviluppo, 13(2), 355–383.Google Scholar
  4. Bauch, P. A., & Goldring, E. B. (1995). Parent involvement and school responsiveness: facilitating the home–school connection in schools of choice. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 17(1), 1–21.Google Scholar
  5. Balli, S. J., Demo, D. H., & Wedman, J. F. (1998). Family involvement with children’s homework: an intervention in the middle grades. Family Relations, 47, 149–157.Google Scholar
  6. Bentler, P. M. (1990). Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 107(2), 238–246.Google Scholar
  7. Boerchi, D., & Tagliabue, S. (2018). Assessing students’ perception of parental career-related support: development of a new scale and a new taxonomy. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 18(2), 1–21.Google Scholar
  8. Byrne, B. M. (2016). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: basic concepts, applications, and programming. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Volume 1. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  10. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32(7), 513–531.Google Scholar
  11. Bronstein, P., Ginsburg, G. S., & Herrera, I. S. (2005). Parental predictors of motivational orientation in early adolescence: a longitudinal study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 559–575.Google Scholar
  12. Castro, M., Expósito-Casas, E., López-Martín, E., Lizasoain, L., Navarro-Asencio, E., & Gaviria, J. L. (2015). Parental involvement on student academic achievement: a meta-analysis. Educational Research Review, 14, 33–46.Google Scholar
  13. Catsambis, S. (2001). Expanding knowledge of parental involvement in children’s secondary education: connections with high school seniors’ academic success. Social Psychology of Education, 5, 149–177.Google Scholar
  14. D’Urso, G., & Pace, U. (2019). Homophobic bullying among adolescents: the role of insecure-dismissing attachment style and peer support. Journal of LGBT Youth, 16(2), 173–191.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19361653.2018.1552225.Google Scholar
  15. Epstein, J., & Sanders, M. (2000). Connecting home, school, and community: new directions for social research. In M. Hallinan (Ed.), Handbook of the Sociology of Education. New York, NY: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  16. Grolnick, W. S., Farkas, M. S., Sohmer, R., Michaels, S., & Valsiner, J. (2007). Facilitating motivation in young adolescents: Effects of an after-school program. Journal of applied developmental psychology, 28(4), 332–344.Google Scholar
  17. Guichard, J. E. A. N. (2001). Adolescents’ scholastic fields, identity frames, and future projects. In J. E. Nurmi (Ed.), Navigating through adolescence: European perspectives Vol. 12 (pp. 275–302). New York, NY: Routledge Falmer.Google Scholar
  18. Havighurst, R. J. (1952). Social and psychological needs of the aging. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 279(1), 11–17.Google Scholar
  19. Havighurst, R. J. (1953). Human development and education. New York, NY: Longmans, Green.Google Scholar
  20. Hill, N. E., & Taylor, L. C. (2004). Parental school involvement and children’s academic achievement: pragmatics and issues. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 161–164.Google Scholar
  21. Hill, N. E., & Tyson, D. F. (2009). Parental involvement in middle school: a meta-analytic assessment of the strategies that promote achievement. Developmental psychology, 45(3), 740–762.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Howard, K. A., & Walsh, M. E. (2010). Conceptions of career choice and attainment: developmental levels in how children think about careers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(2), 143–152.Google Scholar
  23. Howard, K. A., & Walsh, M. E. (2011). Children’s conceptions of career choice and attainment: Model development. Journal of Career Development, 38(3), 256–271.Google Scholar
  24. Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55.Google Scholar
  25. Jeynes, W. J. (2012). A meta-analysis of the efficacy of different types of parent involvement programs for urban students. Urban Education, 47, 706–742.Google Scholar
  26. Kinnier, R. T., Brigman, S. L., & Noble, F. C. (1990). Career lndecision and family enmeshment. Journal of Counseling & Development, 68(3), 309–312.Google Scholar
  27. Kracke, B. (1997). Parental behaviors and adolescents’ career exploration. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(4), 341–350.Google Scholar
  28. LeCroy, C. W., & Krysik, J. (2008). Predictors of academic achievement and school attachment among Hispanic adolescents. Children & Schools, 30(4), 197–209.Google Scholar
  29. Lent, R. W., & Brown, S. D. (1996). Social cognitive approach to career development: an overview. The Career Development Quarterly, 44(4), 310–321.Google Scholar
  30. Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice: a social cognitive analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(1), 36–49.Google Scholar
  31. Lustig, D. C., Xu, Y. J., & Strauser, D. R. (2017). The influence of family of origin relationships on career thoughts. Journal of Career Development, 44(1), 49–61.Google Scholar
  32. Ma, C. Q., & Huebner, E. S. (2008). Attachment relationships and adolescents’ life satisfaction: some relationships matter more to girls than boys. Psychology in the Schools, 45(2), 177–190.Google Scholar
  33. McGinn, K. C., & Ben-Porath, S. (2014). Parental engagement through school choice: some reasons for caution. School Field, 12(2), 172–192.Google Scholar
  34. Muscarà, M., Pace, U., Passanisi, A., D’Urso, G., & Zappulla, C. (2018). The transition from middle school to high school: the mediating role of perceived peer support in the relationship between family functioning and school satisfaction. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27(8), 2690–2698.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1098-0.Google Scholar
  35. Nickerson, A. B., & Nagle, R. (2004). The influence of parent and peer attachments on life satisfaction in middle childhood and early adolescence. Social Indicators Research, 66, 35–60.Google Scholar
  36. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. 107–110, 114Stat. 1425 (2002). http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/107-110.pdf.
  37. Palmonari, A., Kirchler, E., & Pombeni, M. L. (1991). Differential effects of identification with family and peers on coping with developmental tasks in adolescence. European Journal of Social Psychology, 21(5), 381–402.Google Scholar
  38. Wang, M. T., & Sheikh‐Khalil, S. (2014). Does parental involvement matter for student achievement and mental health in high school? Child development, 85(2), 610–625.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Winnicott, D. W. (2012). The family and individual development. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Wright, S. L. (2017). Attachment and self‐efficacy in career search activities: a structural model. The Career Development Quarterly, 65(2), 98–112.Google Scholar
  41. Wright, S. L., Firsick, D. M., Kacmarski, J. A., & Jenkins‐Guarnieri, M. A. (2017). Effects of attachment on coping efficacy, career decision self‐efficacy, and life satisfaction. Journal of Counseling & Development, 95(4), 445–456.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12159.Google Scholar
  42. Wright, S. L., & Perrone, K. M. (2008). The impact of attachment on career-related variables: a review of the literature and proposed theoretical framework to guide future research. Journal of Career Development, 35(2), 87–106.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of PsychologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of Human and Social Science“Kore” University of EnnaEnnaItaly

Personalised recommendations