Change in Mothers’ Perception of Well-being and Distress following Treatment of Child Conduct Problems

  • Roar SolholmEmail author
  • Ragnhild Bjørknes
  • Reidar Jakobsen
Original Paper



Raising children with conduct problems represents a special challenge, and parents of these children often experience parenting stress and develop other adjustment problems of their own. However, there is little knowledge as to how participation in treatment influences parental adjustment problems, for instance parental experience of stress and well-being. The aim of this study is to investigate possible changes in mothers’ perception of well-being and distress over the course of the treatment of child conduct problems.


The study used mothers’ reports from two interconnected studies of PMTO in Norway, a randomized controlled study, and a large-scale implementation study.


The levels of psychological stress were high, both in terms of general symptoms of anxiety and depression, and problems with everyday functioning indicating stress that is more chronic. Several measures of well-being and distress showed significant change over the period from intake to post treatment. The changes were significantly related to perceived change in children’s conduct problems (all p < .05), but this only predicted a small part of the variance (all ΔR2 < .03).


The result indicates that mothers’ involvement in the treatment of their child’s conduct problems results in beneficial effect on mothers’ perception of well-being and distress, regardless of treatment condition. Other factors that alter children’s conduct problems are responsible for this change. Interpretations and potential implications of the findings are discussed.


Conduct problems Parent Management Training Parenting stress and well-being 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interst.


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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical PsychologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Health Promotion and DevelopmentUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child WelfareNORCE ResearchBergenNorway

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