Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 105–115 | Cite as

Technology-Assisted Adolescent Dating Violence and Abuse: A Factor Analysis of the Nature of Electronic Communication Technology Used Across Twelve Types of Abusive and Controlling Behaviour

  • Karlie E. StonardEmail author
Original Paper


Little is known about the nature of adolescents’ experiences of Technology-Assisted Adolescent Dating Violence and Abuse (TAADVA) behaviours and whether the Electronic Communication Technology (ECT) used varies depending on the behaviour. This paper therefore examines the nature of adolescents’ victimisation experience of 12 different TAADVA behaviours via nine methods of ECT (phone call, text, instant messenger, social networking site, picture message, video chat, email, chatroom and website/blog). Four-hundred-and-sixty-nine 12–18-year-old British adolescents (59% (n = 277) of which had dated in the last year) completed a questionnaire regarding their experience of TAADVA. Exploratory factor analysis was used to examine how adolescents experienced the 12 TAADVA behaviours and through which of the nine ECTs they were experienced. Adolescents’ experiences of TAADVA victimisation did not significantly vary in terms of the ECT method used and often multiple TAADVA behaviours were experienced in combination with one another across a range of ECTs, demonstrated by the identification of nine factors in the analysis. The findings highlight implications for understanding and raising awareness of the extent and intrusiveness of TAADVA, particularly when multiple abusive and controlling behaviours are experienced via multiple methods or devices. It is advised that assessing the overall construct of abusive and controlling behaviour is avoided in future research and instead, the multidimensionality of the factors identified in the analysis of the TAADVA assessment tool and the different behaviours that these factors encompass need to be considered.


Adolescent(ce) Technology-Assisted Dating Violence and Abuse Electronic Communication Technology 



This research was conducted for a PhD thesis funded by a studentship in the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences at Coventry University. I would like to thank my PhD supervisory team, Professor Erica Bowen, Dr Tony Lawrence, Dr Shelley Price and Dr Kate Walker (Coventry University) for their support with the research reported in this paper and for reading and providing critical feedback on the original thesis chapter.

Author Contributions

K.E.S. designed and executed the study, conducted the data analyses and wrote the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declare that he have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Ethical clearance was granted from Coventry University’s Research Ethics Committee and these standards and guidelines were also followed.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10826_2018_1255_MOESM1_ESM.docx (39 kb)
Supplementary Information


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of WolverhamptonWolverhamptonUK

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