Parenting Behaviors, Neighborhood Quality, and Substance Use in 9th and 10th Grade Latino Males
Guided by family resilience perspectives, we used self-report questionnaire data from 379 Latino male 9th and 10th graders in California and North Carolina. We examined how reports of mothers’ and fathers’ parenting behaviors and neighborhood quality were associated with (a) the probability of non-substance use among participants in the last 6 months (n = 256 non-use, n = 123 use) and (b) the count of substance use events for those who used in the last 6 months (n = 123). Results indicated that fathers’ psychological control and neighborhood quality appeared to increase the probability of non-substance use, whereas mothers’ psychological control appeared to decrease the probability of non-substance use. For participants reporting substance use events (n = 123), results showed fathers’ monitoring, fathers’ psychological control (only with high neighborhood quality), and mothers’ punitiveness (particularly with low neighborhood quality) held potential to protect against more substance use events. Fathers’ punitiveness (particularly with high neighborhood quality), mothers’ psychological control (only in low neighborhood quality), and greater socioeconomic status increased the vulnerability to more substance use events for adolescent males with substance use in the past 6 months. These results underscore the need for future research regarding specific culturally-relevant mothers’ and fathers’ parental control behaviors within neighborhood contexts that protect Latino male 9th and 10th graders against substance use.
KeywordsLatino adolescent Substance use Parenting Control Neighborhood
This project was supported by Grant No. 2008-0433-02 awarded by the United States Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice.
C.S.H.: Collaborated in the design of data collection. Collaborated on the conceptualization and analyses. Primary responsibility for the literature review; writing the introduction, method, discussion, and implications sections of the paper; and integrating across sections of the paper. M.Y.B.C.: Collaborated on the conceptualization, literature review, and writing of the paper. C.L.: Analyzed the data, wrote the results section, and contributed to the measurement section. S.W.P.: Principal investigator on the project, collected the California data, drafted section on the California participants and procedure sections, edited the manuscript. B.L.K.: Contributed the method section and contributed to the early analyses of the data and edited the manuscript. A.O.B.: Principal investigator on the overall project, collected the North Carolina data, drafted section on the North Carolina participants and procedure sections, edited the manuscript. I.J.W.: Conceptualized and supervised the data analysis and contributed to writing the analysis and results sections.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The California portion of the study was approved by Institutional Review Board at California State University, Northridge. The North Carolina portion of the study was approved by the Institutional Review Board at North Carolina State University. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments.
Informed consent from a parent or guardian for participants under 18 years of age and adolescent assent was obtained for all participants included in the study.
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