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Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 10, pp 3141–3154 | Cite as

Strategies to Engage Underrepresented Parents in Child Intervention Services: A Review of Effectiveness and Co-occurring Use

  • Melanie PellecchiaEmail author
  • Heather J. Nuske
  • Diondra Straiton
  • Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick
  • Amanda Gulsrud
  • Suzannah Iadarola
  • Sarah Fulton Vejnoska
  • Beth Bullen
  • Rachel Haine-Schlagel
  • Connie Kasari
  • David S. Mandell
  • Tristram Smith
  • Aubyn C. Stahmer
Review Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this review was to estimate the impact of parent engagement strategies tested with underrepresented families of young children with social, emotional, or behavioral disorders, and describe the combinations in which these strategies are commonly used together. We conducted a systematic review using the PracticeWise Engagement Coding System to identify which strategies had the strongest empirical support for engaging underrepresented (i.e., minority race or ethnicity, or low income) families receiving psychosocial services for their children. Social network analyses were used to identify the frequency of strategy use and how strategies were combined to engage underrepresented families. Linear regression was used to estimate the impact of each strategy on parent engagement, using attrition as a proxy for non-engagement. Thirty-five studies met inclusion criteria. Parent attrition was predicted by larger sample sizes, lower maternal education, interventions that were more community or home-based, less therapist monitoring, positive reinforcement from therapists, and more pairing families with peers. Social network analyses suggested that more effective strategies were more frequently implemented alone and less effective strategies were commonly combined with each other. Our findings suggest that researchers and practitioners require guidance in selecting engagement strategies to reduce attrition of underrepresented families in treatment. Although we identified promising strategies for improving parent engagement in treatment for underrepresented children with social, emotional, or behavioral disorders, the frequent combining of engagement strategies in research means that there is little data on the independent effects of interventions to increase parent engagement for this population.

Keywords

Parent engagement Underrepresented parents Attrition Peer pairing Social network analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding

This study was funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), award number UA3 MC11055 HRSA (PI: Kasari).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie Pellecchia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Heather J. Nuske
    • 1
  • Diondra Straiton
    • 1
  • Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick
    • 2
  • Amanda Gulsrud
    • 3
  • Suzannah Iadarola
    • 4
  • Sarah Fulton Vejnoska
    • 5
  • Beth Bullen
    • 4
  • Rachel Haine-Schlagel
    • 6
  • Connie Kasari
    • 3
  • David S. Mandell
    • 1
  • Tristram Smith
    • 4
  • Aubyn C. Stahmer
    • 5
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.University of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.University of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA
  5. 5.University of California Davis MIND InstituteDavisUSA
  6. 6.San Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA

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