Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 9, pp 2999–3007 | Cite as

Family Socio-Economic Status and Parent-Child Relationships Are Associated with the Social Creativity of Elementary School Children: The Mediating Role of Personality Traits

  • Dongjing Zhang
  • Zongkui ZhouEmail author
  • Chuanhua GuEmail author
  • Yuju Lei
  • Cuiying Fan
Original Paper


Based on a sample of 955 elementary school children in central China, the present study examined family socio-economic status and parent-child relationships in relation to children’s social creativity, as well as the mediating role of personality traits in these associations. Family environment (socio-economic status and parent-child relationships) and personality traits were significantly correlated with social creativity; children openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness and extraversion partly mediated the relationship between family environment and social creativity when controlling for age and sex. These results are important for explaining the roles of the family environment and individual factors in shaping children’s social creativity.


Social creativity Family socio-economic status Parent-child relationship Personality trait Elementary school children 



This work was supported by a Major Program of the National Social Science Foundation of P.R. China [11&ZD151], self-determined research Funds of Central China Normal University from the colleges’ determined research operation of MOE (CCNU16JCZX11 & CCNU15A02056), State Scholarship Fund organized by China Scholarship Council (201706775076), and the Research Program Funds of the Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality at Beijing Normal University(2016-04-003-BZK01). We also acknowledge the support of Katherine Kitzmann in preparing the manuscript.

Author Contributions:

D.Z.: designed and executed the study, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper. Z.Z.: collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript. C.G.: assisted with the data analyses, collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript. Y.L. and C.F.: analyzed the data and wrote part of the results.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of intersts.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Central China Normal University had provided IRB approval for the study.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyber Psychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education; School of PsychologyCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Collaborative and Innovative Center for Educational TechnologyCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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