Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1748–1762 | Cite as

Firearm Violence across the Lifespan: Relevance and Theoretical Impact on Child and Adolescent Educational Prospects

  • Antonis KatsiyannisEmail author
  • Denise K. Whitford
  • Robin Parks Ennis
Original Paper


Firearm violence in United States has been a persistent concern for decades particularly in light of mass shootings. Firearm violence is increasingly viewed as a public health crisis, and results in a heavy financial burden to society. In light of the continuous challenges associated with firearm violence, limited research in the area, it is necessary to examine current trends regarding firearm deaths and injuries. Extant data from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Web-based Inquiry Statistics Query and Reporting System fatal and nonfatal injury reports were used for this study. Available data were examined in light of age groups across the life span, region, gender, and minority status for both fatalities and injuries related to firearms. Strategies for reducing firearm fatalities, particularly among children and youth, are also discussed.


Firearms Gun Adult violence Fatalities Injuries Youth violence prevention 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

For this type of study formal consent is not required. This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was not obtained, because there were no individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  2. 2.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUnited States
  3. 3.University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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