Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 324–332 | Cite as

Intergenerational Transmission of Emotion Dysregulation Through Parental Invalidation of Emotions: Implications for Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors

  • Kelly E. Buckholdt
  • Gilbert R. Parra
  • Lisa Jobe-Shields
Original Paper


We examined parent emotion dysregulation as part of a model of family emotion-related processes and adolescent psychopathology. Participants were 80 parent–adolescent dyads (mean age = 13.6; 79 % African-American and 17 % Caucasian) with diverse family composition and socioeconomic status. Parent and adolescent dyads self-reported on their emotion regulation difficulties and adolescents reported on their perceptions of parent invalidation (i.e., punishment and neglect) of emotions and their own internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Results showed that parents who reported higher levels of emotion dysregulation tended to invalidate their adolescent’s emotional expressions more often, which in turn related to higher levels of adolescent emotion dysregulation. Additionally, adolescent-reported emotion dysregulation mediated the relation between parent invalidation of emotions and adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Potential applied implications are discussed.


Emotion dysregulation Emotion socialization Invalidation Parenting Externalizing Internalizing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly E. Buckholdt
    • 1
  • Gilbert R. Parra
    • 2
  • Lisa Jobe-Shields
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MemphisMemphisUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA

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