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Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 640–647 | Cite as

Predicting Parenting Stress in Families of Children with ADHD: Parent and Contextual Factors

  • Jennifer Theule
  • Judith Wiener
  • Maria A. Rogers
  • Imola Marton
Original Paper

Abstract

We examined parental ADHD symptoms and contextual (parental education, social support, marital status) predictors of parent domain parenting stress (parental distress) as a function of child ADHD symptoms in a sample of 95 parents of 8 to 12 year-old children with and without ADHD. Parents’ perceptions of parental distress and social support were inversely-related. Parental ADHD symptomatology was the strongest predictor of parental distress of the variables considered. Models using teacher reports of child ADHD symptomatology and oppositionality differed from ones using parent reports, in that child oppositionality was only predictive of parental distress in the parent-report model. A post-hoc analysis showed that child factors did not predict parental distress over and above parent ADHD symptoms and contextual factors. These results suggest that parental ADHD symptomatology and parenting stress reduction should be considered in development of interventions for families of children with ADHD.

Keywords

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Parenting stress Parent–child interactions Reporter bias Adult ADHD 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Theule
    • 1
  • Judith Wiener
    • 2
  • Maria A. Rogers
    • 3
  • Imola Marton
    • 4
  1. 1.University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Department of Human Development and Applied PsychologyOntario Institute for Studies in Education/University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.The Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Toronto District School BoardTorontoCanada

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