Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 693–705 | Cite as

Predictors of Growth and Distress Following Childhood Parentification: A Retrospective Exploratory Study

  • Lisa M. Hooper
  • Sylvia A. Marotta
  • Richard P. Lanthier
Original Paper


While most of the existing literature has focused on the risks associated with parentification, we examined the potential benefits (i.e., posttraumatic growth) associated with parentification. Predictors of posttraumatic growth explored in our study included: attachment, differentiation of self, parentification, and resiliency. Partial support was found for the predictor variables leading to posttraumatic growth, with resilience emerging as the strongest predictor; resilience explained 14% of the variance in posttraumatic growth. These findings suggest that future research might explore additional resiliency factors that explain positive psychological outcomes related to childhood parentification.


Family system Parentification Child maltreatment Posttraumatic growth Psychopathology Resiliency 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa M. Hooper
    • 1
  • Sylvia A. Marotta
    • 2
  • Richard P. Lanthier
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational Studies in Psychology, Research Methodology, and CounselingThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Counseling and Human DevelopmentThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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