Patterns of Sexuality Communication Between Preadolescents and Their Mothers and Fathers
- 432 Downloads
The purpose of the current study was to examine communication about sexual topics between preadolescents and their mothers and fathers. Participants were 135 African-American mothers, fathers, and their 9- to 12-year-old offspring. Each member of the triad completed a 10-item measure of communication about risk factors for sexual activity, sexual communication, and sexual risk prevention. A majority of parents and their preadolescents reported communication had occurred about most topics. Mothers and fathers were equally likely to communicate with sons whereas mothers were more likely to communicate with daughters than were fathers. Based on the study results, preadolescence may be the optimal time for parents to provide sexual risk prevention messages to their children before sexual behaviors are initiated.
KeywordsPreadolescent and parent communication Sexuality African-Americans Fathers
- Centers for Disease Control, Prevention. (2002). Trends in sexual risk behaviors among high school students—United States, 1991–2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 51, 856–859.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control, Prevention. (2004). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2003 (Vol. 15, p. 12). Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
- Darroch, J. E., Frost, J. J., Singh, S., & The Study Team. (2001). Teenage sexual and reproductive behavior in developed countries: Can more progress be made? New York: The Guttmacher Institute.Google Scholar
- Eaton, D. K., Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Ross, J., Hawkins, J., Harris, W. A, Lowry, R., McManus, T., Chyen, D., Shanklin, S., Lim, C., Grunbaum, J., & Wechler, W. (2006). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2005. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 55(SS-5), 1–33.Google Scholar
- Guttmacher Institute. (2006). U.S. teenage pregnancy statistics national and state trends by race and ethnicity. New York: The Guttmacher Institute.Google Scholar
- Kaiser Family Foundation. (1999). Kids ready to talk about today’s tough issues before their parents are: Sex, AIDS, violence and drugs/alcohol. Available: www.kff.org. Retrieved: May 12, 2005.
- Kirkman, M., Rosenthal, D. A., & Feldman, S. S. (2002). Talking to a tiger: Fathers reveal their difficulties in communicating about sexuality with adolescents. In S. S. Feldman & D. A. Rosenthal (Eds.), Talking sexuality: Parent-adolescent communication. No 97, in W. Damon (Series Ed.) New directions for child and adolescent development (pp. 57–74). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Li, X., Feigelman, S., & Stanton, B. (2000). Perceived parental monitoring and health risk behaviors among urban low-income African-American children and adolescents. Society for Adolescent Medicine, 27, 43–48.Google Scholar