Journal of Computational Electronics

, Volume 6, Issue 1–3, pp 363–365 | Cite as

Shockley-Ramo theorem measures conformation changes of ion channels and proteins

  • Bob Eisenberg
  • Wolfgang Nonner


Theorems are rarely used in biology because they rarely help the descriptive experimentation to which biologists are devoted. A generalization of Kirchoff’s current law—the Shockley-Ramo (SR) theorem [1–6]—seems an exception. SR allows interpretation of macroscopic scale ‘gating’ currents associated with atomic scale charge movements within proteins.


Ion channels Shockley-Ramo Gating current 


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Copyright information

© 2006 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular BiophysicsRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

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