Optical and Electrical Properties of Colloidal Quantum Dots in Electrolytic Environments: Using Biomolecular Links in Chemically-Directed Assembly of Quantum Dot Networks
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The threshold of the absorption spectra of colloidal cadmium sulfide (CdS) quantum dots in electrolytic solutions is shown to shift as the concentration of the electrolyte is varied. The shift in the absorption threshold as a function of the electrolytic concentration is given by electrolytic screening of the field caused by the intrinsic spontaneous polarization of these würtzite quantum dots. These electrolyte-dependent absorption properties are compared with Fermi-level tuning in carbon nanotubes in electrolytic environments.
Moreover, concepts for integrating such colloidal quantum dots in high density networks with biomolecular links are discussed. Such biomolecular links are used to facilitate the chemically-directed assembly of quantum dots networks with densities approximating 1017 cm−3.
Keywordsenspace quantum dots biomolecules integrated ensembles of nanostructures electrochemical tuning
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