Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 355–371 | Cite as

Coping Strategies Utilized by Middle-Aged and Older Latino Caregivers of Loved Ones with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementia

  • Guilherme M. BalbimEmail author
  • Isabela G. Marques
  • Claudia Cortez
  • Melissa Magallanes
  • Judith Rocha
  • David X. Marquez
Original Article


We aimed to explore the coping strategies utilized by Latino caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease or related dementia (ADRD). We conducted 16 semi-structured interviews with Latinos family caregivers. The interviews explored the caregivers’ experiences utilizing coping strategies. Coping strategies were identified based on a direct content analysis of the interviews. Participants were 50 to 75 years old, majority female, and from Mexico. The most common coping strategies adopted were: rationalization, social interactions, physical activity, and leisure activities. Other strategies used included avoidance, keeping busy, self-care, and spirituality or faith. Strategies such as using social interactions and spirituality and faith may be rooted in Latino cultural values such as familismo and fatalismo. The possible origin from cultural values might make some of the coping strategies more prevalent or effective in Latinos. Effective interventions aiming to reduce stress in Latino caregivers should prioritize culturally relevant problem-focused coping strategies.


Latinos Caregiving Alzheimer’s disease Coping strategies 



We are grateful to all participants of the study. We also acknowledge the work of research assistants Mauricio Garcia and Cindy Jimenez.

Funding Information

This research was supported by the Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition in the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

No potential conflict of interest to be disclosed.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology & NutritionUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.School of Exercise, Physical and Health EducationUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  3. 3.Center for Early Learning Public HealthUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  4. 4.College of MedicineUniversity of IllinoisRockfordUSA
  5. 5.Social Work ProgramNortheastern Illinois UniversityChicagoUSA

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