Levels and Correlates of Knowledge about Alzheimer’s Disease among Older Chinese Americans
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Objective: This study examined knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and correlates of AD knowledge in a sample of Chinese American older adults living in the Phoenix metropolitan area of the United States. Methods: Survey data were collected from 385 Chinese Americans age 55 or older (M = 72.43, SD = 8.67) recruited from various settings not limited to senior housing facilities, senior clubs, senior centers and church groups. Results: Participants responded to a 24-item true/false AD knowledge scale with 73 % accuracy. Multivariate regression analyses found that participants who held more traditional Chinese cultural beliefs of AD tended to have less AD knowledge. Older women had more knowledge of AD than men when educational differences were controlled. Participants who used media to acquire AD information had more AD knowledge than those did not. Conclusions: AD educational programs should target domains (e.g., risk factors, symptoms, and caregiving) about which Chinese American elders tend to have less knowledge; AD information should be disseminated through appropriate media to outreach Chinese American elders more effectively. Addressing the biases in elders’ cultural beliefs of AD should be incorporated in AD educational programs.