Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 423–431 | Cite as

Computational studies on the interaction of ABO-active saccharides with the norovirus VA387 capsid protein can explain experimental binding data

  • Chaitanya A. K. Koppisetty
  • Waqas Nasir
  • Francesco Strino
  • Gustaf E. Rydell
  • Göran Larson
  • Per-Georg Nyholm
Article

Abstract

Norovirus strains are known to cause recurring epidemics of winter vomiting disease. The crystal structure of the capsid protein of VA387, a representative of the clinically important GII.4 genocluster, was recently solved in complex with histo-blood group A- and B-trisaccharides. However, the VA387 strain is known to bind also to other natural carbohydrates for which detailed structural information of the complexes is not available. In this study we have computationally explored the fit of the VA387 with a set of naturally occurring carbohydrate ligands containing a terminal α1,2-linked fucose. MD simulations both with explicit and implicit solvent models indicate that type 1 and 3 extensions of the ABO-determinant including ALeb and BLeb pentasaccharides can be well accommodated in the site. Scoring with Glide XP indicates that the downstream extensions of the ABO-determinants give an increase in binding strength, although the α1,2-linked fucose is the single strongest interacting residue. An error was discovered in the geometry of the GalNAc-Gal moiety of the published crystal structure of the A-trisaccharide/VA387 complex. The present modeling of the complexes with histo-blood group A-active structures shows some contacts which provide insight into mutational data, explaining the involvement of I389 and Q331. Our results can be applicable in structure-based design of adhesion inhibitors of noroviruses.

Keywords

Norovirus Blood group determinants ABO-saccharides Molecular docking Molecular dynamics 

Supplementary material

10822_2010_9353_MOESM1_ESM.doc (4.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 4445 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaitanya A. K. Koppisetty
    • 1
    • 2
  • Waqas Nasir
    • 2
    • 3
  • Francesco Strino
    • 1
    • 3
  • Gustaf E. Rydell
    • 4
  • Göran Larson
    • 4
  • Per-Georg Nyholm
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Biognos ABGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Institute of BiomedicineUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  4. 4.Department of Clinical Chemistry and Transfusion MedicineSahlgrenska University HospitalGothenburgSweden

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