Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 322–349 | Cite as

Northern Iroquoian Ethnic Evolution: A Social Network Analysis

  • John P. HartEmail author
  • William Engelbrecht


Ethnicity is one kind of social relationship that archaeologists explore. The evolution of the northern Iroquoian ethnic landscape in New York, southern Ontario, and the St. Lawrence Valley has been of long-standing interest to archaeologists. Since MacNeish’s (1952) pottery typology study, the predominant model for this evolution has been cladistic. Collar decoration served as a means of signaling attributes of the potter and pottery users that mirrored other more visible signals. We use social network analysis to determine whether pottery collar decoration data best fit MacNiesh’s cladistic or an alternative rhizotic model. The results better fit the rhizotic model.


Northern Iroquoian ethnicity Social network analysis Signaling theory Ethnogenesis 



We wish to thank a number of colleagues who have provided data, copies of reports, draft manuscripts, theses or dissertations, and/or for pointing us to useful literature, as well as for thoughts on Iroquoian pottery. These include Kathleen Allen, Susan Bamann, Ethan Cochrane, Wayne Lenig, R. G. Matson, David Smith, and Ronald Williamson. We thank Jennifer Birch, Ethan Cochrane, Dean Snow, John Terrell, and Ronald Williamson for their thoughtful comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this paper. We thank Susan Winchell-Sweeney for the GIS work that allowed the production of Figs. 1 and 3, Jennifer Birch, Eric Jones, Wayne Lenig and Archaeological Services Inc. for providing data that facilitated this work, and Jackie Nadeau for assistance with generation of the distance matrix.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research and Collections DivisionNew York State MuseumAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Anthropology DepartmentBuffalo State CollegeBuffaloUSA

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