Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Aneuploidy Improves Clinical, Gestational, and Neonatal Outcomes in Advanced Maternal Age Patients Without Compromising Cumulative Live-Birth Rate.
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To report the effects of blastocyst stage aneuploidy testing on clinical, gestational, and neonatal outcomes for patients of advanced maternal age undergoing IVF.
This is a single-center observational-cohort study with 2 years follow-up. The study includes a total of 2538 couples undergoing 2905 egg collections (control group), 308 (PGT-A), and 106 (drop-out group, consenting for PGT-A but withdrawing due to poor embryological outcome)
Compared with control group, PGT-A showed improved clinical outcomes (live-birth rate per transferred embryo, LBR 40.3% vs 11.0%) and reduced multiple pregnancy rate (MPR, 0% vs 11.1%) and pregnancy loss (PL, 3.6% vs 22.6%). Drop-out group showed the worst clinical outcomes suggesting that abandoning PGT-A due to poor response to ovarian stimulation is not a favorable option. Cytogenetic analysis of product of conceptions and CVS/amniocentesis showed higher aneuploid pregnancy rates for control group regardless of embryo transfer strategy (0%, 17.9%, and 19.9%, for PGT-A, control day 5 and day 3, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed no negative impact of PGT-A-related interventions on cumulative delivery rate (26.3%, 95% CI 21.5–31.6 vs 24.0%, 95% CI 22.5–25.6 for PGT-A and control, respectively) and on neonatal outcomes.
PGT-A improves clinical outcomes, particularly by reducing pregnancy loss and chromosomally abnormal pregnancy for patients of advanced maternal age, with no major impact on cumulative live-birth rate (CLBR) per egg retrieval.
KeywordsPreimplantation genetic testing Advanced maternal age Clinical outcome Miscarriage Aneuploidy
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