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Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 189–198 | Cite as

Extracellular vesicle mediated embryo-endometrial cross talk during implantation and in pregnancy

  • Noble K. Kurian
  • Deepak ModiEmail author
Review

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles are lipoproteinaceous membrane-enclosed nanometer-sized structures produced by cells and are thought to mediate cellular communications. Loaded with a specific set of miRNA and protein depending on their tissue of origin, these extracellular vesicles modulate diverse set of biological processes in their target tissues. In recent years, data has gathered on the roles of extracellular vesicles in embryo implantation and pregnancy. Embryo, oviduct, endometrial epithelium and stroma/decidua derived vesicles interact with trophoblast cells and promote their growth and differentiation to aid in embryo implantation. The placental vesicles are detected in maternal circulation that aids in feto-maternal immune tolerance, their levels vary in women with pregnancy-related complications like preeclampsia. Beyond the host, the microbes in the genital tract are also reported to produce extracellular vesicles which are thought to be responsible for inflammation and preterm births. This review focuses on the extracellular vesicular trafficking involved in success of pregnancy.

Keywords

Extracellular vesicles Exosomes Embryo Implantation Pregnancy Cross talk Infection 

Notes

Funding information

The manuscript bears the NIRRH ID:REV/652/07-2017. DM lab and is supported by grants from the Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, Government of India. NK is a recipient of the Kerala State Council for Science, Technology & Environment Post-Doctoral Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory, Indian Council of Medical ResearchNational Institute for Research in Reproductive HealthMumbaiIndia

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