Sub-endometrial contractility or computer-enhanced 3-D modeling scoring of the endometrium before embryo transfer: are they better than measuring endometrial thickness?
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Recent studies have focused on transvaginal ultrasound measurement (TVUS) of sub-endometrial contractility and computer-enhanced 3-D modeling scoring of the endometrium prior to embryo transfer (ET).The aim of this study was to compare pregnancy outcome of patients who performed the 3-D scoring or the sub-endometrial measurement prior to the ET with patients that did not perform those procedures.
A single center retrospective cohort study of 635 freeze/thaw cycles of blastocysts vitrified on day 5 and transferred between January 2016 and August 2016.
We compared the patients who performed 3-D scoring with the control group and found comparable patients’ characteristics, clinical pregnancy rates (42% vs. 44.3, p = NS, respectively), and ongoing pregnancy rates (31.7% vs. 33.9%, p = NS).We then compared the patients who performed the sub-endometrial wave measurements with the control group and found similar findings. The clinical pregnancy rate (38.2% vs. 44.3, p = NS, respectively) and the ongoing pregnancy rate (30.8% vs. 33.9%) were comparable between the two groups. We performed a regression analysis to examine the independent contribution of different variables to the ongoing pregnancy rates. Both the 3-D and the wave count procedures were not found to have any influence on the ongoing pregnancy rates.
Although new ultrasonic methods of evaluating the endometrium have been proposed during the last years, these methods have not been shown to improve the pregnancy rates compared to the original method of assessing the endometrium by measuring the endometrial thickness.
KeywordsSub-endometrial waves 3-D endometrial scoring FET
Compliance with ethical standards
The study was approved by the Research Ethics Board at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto.
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