Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 57–64 | Cite as

Minichromosome maintenance complex component 8 and 9 gene expression in the menstrual cycle and unexplained primary ovarian insufficiency

  • Yelena DondikEmail author
  • Zhenmin Lei
  • Jeremy Gaskins
  • Kelly Pagidas



DNA repair genes Minichromosome maintenance complex component (MCM) 8 and 9 have been linked with gonadal development, primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), and age at menopause. Our objective was to characterize MCM 8 and 9 gene expression in the menstrual cycle, and to compare MCM 8/9 expression in POI vs normo-ovulatory women.


Normo-ovulatory controls (n = 11) and unexplained POI subjects (n = 6) were recruited. Controls provided three blood samples within one menstrual cycle: (1) early follicular phase, (2) ovulation, and (3) mid-luteal phase. Six of 11 controls only provided a follicular phase sample. Amenorrheic POI subjects provided a single, random blood sample. MCM8/9 expression in peripheral blood was assessed with qRTPCR. Analyses were performed using delta-Ct measurements; group differences were transformed to a fold change (FC) and confidence interval (CI). Differences across menstrual cycle phases were compared using random effects ANOVA. Two-sample t tests were used to compare two groups.


MCM8 expression was significantly lower at ovulation and during the luteal phase, when compared to the follicular phase [FC = 0.69 in the luteal vs follicular phase (p = 0.012, CI = 0.53, 0.90); and 0.65 in the ovulatory vs follicular phase (p = 0.0057, CI = 0.50, 0.85)]. No change in MCM9 expression was noted throughout the menstrual cycle. No significant difference was seen in MCM8/9 expression when comparing POI to control subjects.


Our study showed greater MCM8 expression in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, compared to the ovulatory and luteal phases. No cyclic changes were seen with MCM9. Significant differences in MCM8/9 expression were not detected between POI and controls; however, we recommend further investigation with a larger sample population.


Minichromosome maintenance complex MCM8 MCM9 Primary ovarian insufficiency 


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Louisville School of MedicineLouisvilleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and InfertilityNYU Winthrop HospitalMineolaUSA

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