Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 165–172 | Cite as

Rates of live birth after mosaic embryo transfer compared with euploid embryo transfer

  • Lei Zhang
  • Daimin Wei
  • Yueting Zhu
  • Yuan Gao
  • Junhao YanEmail author
  • Zi-Jiang Chen
Assisted Reproduction Technologies



Mosaicism is a prevalent characteristic of human preimplantation embryos. This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate pregnancy outcomes after transfer of mosaic or euploid embryos.


The embryos, which had been transferred as “euploidy,” were processed using array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). The original aCGH charts of the transferred embryos were reanalyzed. Mosaic and control euploid embryos were defined according to log2 ratio calls.


Overall, 102 embryos were determined to be mosaic, of which 101 were estimated to harbor no more than 50% aneuploid mosaicism. Additionally, 268 euploid embryos were matched as controls. The rates of live birth (46.6% vs. 59.1%, odds ratio (OR) 0.60, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.38–0.95), and biochemical pregnancy (65.7% vs. 76.1%, OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.37–0.99) per transfer cycle were significantly lower after mosaic embryo transfer than after euploid embryo transfer. The rates of clinical pregnancy and pregnancy loss and the risks of obstetric outcomes did not differ significantly between the two groups.


Compared with euploid embryo transfer, mosaic embryo transfer is associated with a lower rate of live birth, which is mainly attributed to a decreased rate of conception. However, as mosaic embryo transfer yielded a live birth rate of 46.6%, patients without euploid embryos could be counseled regarding this alternative option.


Embryo transfer Mosaic embryo Live birth Obstetric outcome Mosaicism 



The authors expressed thanks to Wenjie Jiang, Hongqiang Xie, Hongchang Li, and Ping Li from Reproductive Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University for performing PGT procedures and following up.

Funding information

This study was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant number 2016YFC1000202), National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 81671522), and Innovative Foundation of Reproductive Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University (grant number 20171114).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10815_2018_1322_MOESM1_ESM.docx (38 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 37 kb)
10815_2018_1322_MOESM2_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 16 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Daimin Wei
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yueting Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yuan Gao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Junhao Yan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Zi-Jiang Chen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Reproductive MedicineShandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.National Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Reproductive GeneticsJinanChina
  3. 3.The Key Laboratory of Reproductive Endocrinology (Shandong University)Ministry of EducationJinanChina
  4. 4.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Reproductive MedicineJinanChina
  5. 5.Center for Reproductive Medicine, Ren Ji Hospital, School of MedicineShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  6. 6.Shanghai Key Laboratory for Assisted Reproduction and Reproductive GeneticsShanghaiChina

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