Micro-RNAs involved in cellular proliferation have altered expression profiles in granulosa of young women with diminished ovarian reserve
The study aims to determine differences in micro-RNA (miRNA) expression in granulosa (GC) and cumulus cells (CC) between young women with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) or normal ovarian reserve (NOR). Secondary objective was to identify downstream signaling pathways that could ultimately indicate causes of lower developmental competence of oocytes from young women with DOR.
The method of the study is prospective cohort study.
Of the miRNA, 125 are differentially expressed in GC between DOR and NOR. Only nine miRNA were different in CC; therefore, we focused analysis on GC. In DOR GC, miR-100-5p, miR-16-5p, miR-30a-3p, and miR-193a-3p were significantly downregulated, while miR-155-5p, miR-192-5p, miR-128-3p, miR-486-5p, miR130a-3p, miR-92a-3p, miR-17-3p, miR-221-3p, and miR-175p were increased. This pattern predicted higher cell proliferation in the DOR GC. The primary pathways include MAPK, Wnt, and TGFbeta.
The miRNA pattern identified critical functions in cell proliferation and survival associated with DOR. GC in women with DOR seems to respond differently to the LH surge.
KeywordsMicro-RNA Granulosa cells Cumulus cells Diminished ovarian reserve
The research was supported by NIH grant HD082484 awarded to LKM and LKC.
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