Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 29, Issue 8, pp 713–721 | Cite as

Triploid and diploid embryonic stem cell lines derived from tripronuclear human zygotes

  • Xinjie Chen
  • Yumei Luo
  • Yong Fan
  • Lei Yue
  • Xueshi Wu
  • Yaoyong Chen
  • Xiaofang Sun
Stem Cell Biology



Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are self-renewing, pluripotent cells that are valuable research tools and hold promise for use in regenerative medicine. The need for new hESC lines motivated our attempts to find a new resource for the derivation of hESC lines. The aim of this work was to establish more hESC lines from abnormal fertilized zygotes and to meet the emerging requirements for their use in cell replacement therapies, disease modeling, and basic research.


A total of 130 tripronuclear human zygotes was collected 18–20 h post-insemination and cultured in a modified culture medium. The inner cell mass of 12 blastocysts were isolated by a mechanical method in order to establish embryonic stem cell lines.


We established four hESC lines derived from 130 trinuclear zygotes, one of which was triploid and the others were diploid. The efficiency of deriving hESC lines is 3.08 %. The ratio of deriving triploid and diploid hESC lines is 1:3. All of these hESC lines exhibited similar markers of undifferentiated hESCs and had the typical morphology of hESCs, a capacity for long-term proliferation, and pluripotent differentiation potential both in vivo and in vitro.


These abnormal zygotes, which otherwise would have been discarded, can serve as an alternative source for normal euploid hESC lines.


Human embryonic stem cells Pronucleus (PN) Human zygotes Triploid 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinjie Chen
    • 1
  • Yumei Luo
    • 1
  • Yong Fan
    • 1
  • Lei Yue
    • 1
  • Xueshi Wu
    • 1
  • Yaoyong Chen
    • 1
  • Xiaofang Sun
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Major Obstetric Diseases of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Reproduction and Genetics, Institute of Gynecology and ObstetricsThe Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical CollegeGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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