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Low endometrial volume may predict early pregnancy loss in women undergoing in vitro fertilization

  • Efraim Zohav
  • Raoul Orvieto
  • Eyal Y. Anteby
  • Octav Segal
  • Simion Meltcer
  • Ilan Tur-Kaspa
Brief Communication

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the role of 3-D US measurement of the endometrium during early IVF-pregnancy and before the appearance of gestational sac in the prediction of pregnancies outcome.

Methods: 60 pregnant women following IVF treatment were included in the study. The women underwent transvaginal 3D US measurements of endometrial volume and thickness on day 15–17 post ET. Patients were followed and classified according to pregnancy outcome into 2 further groups. The group with early pregnancy loss and the group with ongoing pregnancy.

Results: While no differences were observed between those who miscarried and those who did not in gestational age, endometrial thickness or volume, spontaneous early pregnancy loss was significantly higher in patients with endometrial volume <2 mL as compared to those with endometrial volume >2 mL.

Conclusions: 3-D US measurement of endometrial volume of less than 2 mL during early IVF pregnancy and prior to the appearance of gestational sac is a powerful predictor of pregnancy loss.

Keywords

Endometrial volume 3-D ultrasonography Prediction Miscarriage IVF 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Efraim Zohav
    • 1
    • 2
  • Raoul Orvieto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eyal Y. Anteby
    • 1
    • 2
  • Octav Segal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simion Meltcer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ilan Tur-Kaspa
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyBarzilai Medical CenterAshkelonIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyBen-Gurion UniversityBeer ShevaIsrael
  3. 3.Institute for Human Reproduction and the Clinical IVF-PGD Program at the Reproductive Genetics InstituteChicagoUSA

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